Compressed air systems use air pressure to transfer power, which is then used to operate a device. The piping structure is responsible for connecting all these units in one place. The piping system is one of the most crucial parts that can affect the profitability of your company. It is essential to pay attention to the installation and layout of a compressed air piping system to boost your company’s profits.
Basics of compressed air piping systems
The structure of a compressed air piping system is pretty simple. You attach the compressor to a suitable device using a pipe. The layout may seem easy, but it is a highly challenging task to get everything correct in a workshop. Many tools that use compressed air often require isolation and ventilation. A paint-spraying station, for example, requires a separate booth with air-filtering properties. Depending on these requirements, you may need to place the station close to an outside wall.
Piping layout considerations
The connectors play a vital role in the compressed air piping system. This is the area that causes most of the air leaks. Air leaks can make any device underperform. Make sure you hire a professional for the air compressor installation so that the system doesn’t suffer from any leaks anywhere. A professional installer focuses on three essential factors that improve the pressure efficiency of the entire system.
1. Sharp angles
Sharp angles reduce the pressure of your piping system by impeding the speed of flow. Consider the traffic flow on a highway. The more the traffic, the more time it will take for you to reach your destination. Similarly, you need to slow down while making sharp turns. The compressed piping layout works in the same way.
Air cannot mimic humans while traveling. It cannot concentrate more on bends and turns. This means any curves in a piping system ricochet the air from the inside of the pipe. It creates a convoluted airflow path called turbulence. And turbulence can cause a significant drop in air pressure. Moreover, with increased output from the compressors, the air pressure will drop further if the turbulence doesn’t stop.
Moisture in pipes can cause rust to flow through the air stream. Rust, together with vapor, can clog the nozzles of the pipes in no time. Apart from clogging the nozzles, rust also contaminates the device and creates a rough surface inside the pipe. That can also cause turbulence, thus affecting the air pressure significantly.
Corrosion in your piping system can create obstructions in the restriction points in a pipe, such as the connectors, devices, or valves. Over time, these obstructions reduce the diameter of the pipes available for air to flow through. Accumulation of particulates on a device will reduce the available pressure downstream and also back up the pressure upstream.
You can now get an idea about how complicated the entire layout is. It takes days and sometimes weeks to develop a compressed air system that works flawlessly in the piping industry.